Adjust Text Size:change font sizechange font sizechange font sizechange font sizechange font sizechange font size

Featured Research

Can we predict who is at risk of facing cognitive issues in PD and address them earlier? These are the questions being pursued by Dr. Goldman of the PDF Research Center at Rush University Medical Center.

Learn More

PDF Grant Programs

Are you interested in furthering Parkinson's science? View PDF's open grant programs.

Learn More

Behavioral Deficits and Striatal DA Signaling in LRRK2 p.G2019S Transgenic Rats: A Multimodal Investigation Including PET Neuroimaging.

PDF's targeted PubMed search provides you with access to journal articles from the last 90 days that may be pertinent to Parkinson's disease research. 

Not what you're looking for? Do you need informational publications about Parkinson's targeted for people living with Parkinson's, caregivers and family members?  Please browse PDF's educational materials and programs - which are all available electronically or in print.  Order for yourself, a loved one or in bulk for your patients or support group.

J Parkinsons Dis 2014 Jul;

Authors: Matthew D Walker, Mattia Volta, Stefano Cataldi, Katherine Dinelle, Dayne Beccano-Kelly, Lise Munsie, Rick Kornelsen, Chenoa Mah, Patrick Chou, Kimberly Co, Jaskaran Khinda, Marta Mroczek, Sabrina Bergeron, Katrina Yu, Li Ping Cao, Natalja Funk, Thomas Ott, Dagmar Galter, Olaf Riess, Saskia Biskup, Austen J Milnerwood, A Jon Stoessl, Matthew J Farrer, Vesna Sossi

Background: A major risk-factor for developing Parkinson's disease (PD) is genetic variability in leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2), most notably the p.G2019S mutation. Examination of the effects of this mutation is necessary to determine the etiology of PD and to guide therapeutic development. Objective: Assess the behavioral consequences of LRRK2 p.G2019S overexpression in transgenic rats as they age and test the functional integrity of the nigro-striatal dopamine system. Conduct positron emission tomography (PET) neuroimaging to compare transgenic rats with previous data from human LRRK2 mutation carriers. Methods: Rats overexpressing human LRRK2 p.G2019S were generated by BAC transgenesis and compared to non-transgenic (NT) littermates. Motor skill tests were performed at 3, 6 and 12 months-of-age. PET, performed at 12 months, assessed the density of dopamine and vesicular monoamine transporters (DAT and VMAT2, respectively) and measured dopamine synthesis, storage and availability. Brain tissue was assayed for D2, DAT, dopamine and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein (DARPP32) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) expression by Western blot, and TH by immunohistochemistry. Results: Transgenic rats had no abnormalities in measures of striatal dopamine function at 12 months. A behavioral phenotype was present, with LRRK2 p.G2019S rats performing significantly worse on the rotarod than non-transgenic littermates (26% reduction in average running duration at 6 months), but with normal performance in other motor tests. Conclusions: Neuroimaging using dopaminergic PET did not recapitulate prior studies in human LRRK2 mutation carriers. Consistently, LRRK2 p.G2019S rats do not develop overt neurodegeneration; however, they do exhibit behavioral abnormalities.

PMID: 25000966 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

See More

Back to PubMed Articles