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Genetic, Structural, and Molecular Insights into the Function of Ras of Complex Proteins Domains.

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Chem Biol 2014 Jul; 21(7):809-818

Authors: Laura Civiero, Sybille Dihanich, Patrick A Lewis, Elisa Greggio

Ras of complex proteins (ROC) domains were identified in 2003 as GTP binding modules in large multidomain proteins from Dictyostelium discoideum. Research into the function of these domains exploded with their identification in a number of proteins linked to human disease, including leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) and death-associated protein kinase 1 (DAPK1) in Parkinson's disease and cancer, respectively. This surge in research has resulted in a growing body of data revealing the role that ROC domains play in regulating protein function and signaling pathways. In this review, recent advances in the structural information available for proteins containing ROC domains, along with insights into enzymatic function and the integration of ROC domains as molecular switches in a cellular and organismal context, are explored.

PMID: 24981771 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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