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Altered Expression of DJ-1 and PINK1 in Sporadic ALS and in the SOD1G93A ALS Mouse Model.
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J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 2013 Oct;
Authors: Sarah Knippenberg, Julia Sipos, Nadine Thau-Habermann, Sonja KŲrner, Klaus Jan Rath, Reinhard Dengler, Susanne Petri
From the Department of Neurology, Hannover Medical School (SK, JS, NT-H, SK, KJR, RD, SP); and Center for Systems Neuroscience (RD, SP), Hannover, Germany.
Mitochondrial dysfunction is an important mechanism in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). DJ-1 and PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) are important proteins for the maintenance of mitochondrial function and protection against cell death. Mutations in the genes coding for these proteins cause familial forms of Parkinson disease. Recent studies have postulated that changes in the expression of both proteins are also involved in pathologic mechanisms in ALS mouse models. Here, we studied the mRNA and protein expression of PINK1 and DJ-1 in postmortem brain and spinal cord tissue and muscle biopsy samples from ALS patients and controls and in brain, spinal cord, and gastrocnemius muscle of SOD1 ALS mice at different disease stages. We found significant decreases of PINK1 and DJ-1 mRNA levels in muscle tissue of SOD1 mice. Together with the significant decrease of PINK1 mRNA levels in human ALS muscle tissue, statistically nonsignificant reduction of DJ-1 mRNA levels, and reduced immunostaining for PINK1 in human ALS muscle, the results suggest potential pathophysiologic roles for these proteins in both mutant SOD1 transgenic mice and in sporadic ALS.
PMID: 24128678 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]