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Potential pharmacological chaperones targeting cancer-associated MCL-1 and Parkinson disease-associated ?-synuclein.

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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2014 Jul;

Authors: Misook Oh, Ji Hoon Lee, Wei Wang, Hui Sun Lee, Woo Sirl Lee, Christopher Burlak, Wonpil Im, Quyen Q Hoang, Hyun-Suk Lim

Pharmacological chaperones are small molecules that bind to proteins and stabilize them against thermal denaturation or proteolytic degradation, as well as assist or prevent certain protein-protein assemblies. These activities are being exploited for the development of treatments for diseases caused by protein instability and/or aberrant protein-protein interactions, such as those found in certain forms of cancers and neurodegenerative diseases. However, designing or discovering pharmacological chaperones for specific targets is challenging because of the relatively featureless protein target surfaces, the lack of suitable chemical libraries, and the shortage of efficient high-throughput screening methods. In this study, we attempted to address all these challenges by synthesizing a diverse library of small molecules that mimic protein ?-helical secondary structures commonly found in protein-protein interaction surfaces. This was accompanied by establishing a facile "on-bead" high-throughput screening method that allows for rapid and efficient discovery of potential pharmacological chaperones and for identifying novel chaperones/inhibitors against a cancer-associated protein, myeloid cell leukemia 1 (MCL-1), and a Parkinson disease-associated protein, ?-synuclein. Our data suggest that the compounds and methods described here will be useful tools for the development of pharmaceuticals for complex-disease targets that are traditionally deemed "undruggable."

PMID: 25024216 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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