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Twinkle mutation in an Italian family with external progressive ophthalmoplegia and parkinsonism: A case report and an update on the state of art.
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Neurosci Lett 2013 Sep;
Authors: Lorenzo Kiferle, Daniele Orsucci, Michelangelo Mancuso, Annalisa Lo Gerfo, Lucia Petrozzi, Gabriele Siciliano, Roberto Ceravolo, Ubaldo Bonuccelli
Section of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Pathological Medicine, University of Pisa, via Roma 67, 56126 Pisa, Italy. Electronic address: email@example.com.
The objective is to describe the clinical phenotype and genetic basis of a family with autosomal dominant progressive external ophthalmoplegia and parkinsonism with a Twinkle mutation. The proband, an 82 years old female, reported since childhood bilateral eyelid ptosis, ophthalmoplegia, sensorineural hypoacusis, mild depression since she was 45, with a positive familiar anamnesis of eyelid ptosis (father, two sisters and a son). She developed mild bilateral parkinsonism with a moderate clinical response to levodopa. The (123)I-FP-CIT SCAN evidenced a marked bilateral putaminal reduction and moderate caudate uptake reduction. Her 79 years old sister reported eyelid ptosis since she was 45 with ophthalmoplegia and developed a mild bilateral rest and postural tremor with moderate right arm plastic hypertonia when she was 76. The parkinsonism was confirmed with (123)I-FP-CIT SCAN. One of the two sons presented eyelid ptosis since he was 30 years old, with peripheral neuropathy with biopsy evidence of myopathy. We identified a G1750A mutation in the c10orf2 gene in the three patients. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of sporadic, idiopathic Parkinson disease (PD). In some cases, mitochondrial DNA primary genetic abnormalities or more commonly secondary rearrangements due to polymerase gamma (POLG) gene mutation can directly cause parkinsonism. Parkinsonism has been reported as a rare symptom associated to Twinkle (c10orf2). Parkinsonism has to be investigated in patients with PEO with analysis of Twinkle mutation.
PMID: 24076137 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]