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Iron accumulation confers neurotoxicity to a vulnerable population of nigral neurons: implications for Parkinson's disease.

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Mol Neurodegener 2014 Jul; 9(1):27

Authors: Scott Ayton, Peng Lei, Paul A Adlard, Irene Volitakis, Robert A Cherny, Ashley I Bush, David I Finkelstein

The substantia nigra (SN) midbrain nucleus is constitutively iron rich. Iron levels elevate further with age, and pathologically in Parkinson's disease (PD). Iron accumulation in PD SN involves dysfunction of ceruloplasmin (CP), which normally promotes iron export. We previously showed that ceruloplasmin knockout (CP KO) mice exhibit Parkinsonian neurodegeneration (~30% nigral loss) by 6 months, which is prevented by iron chelation. Here, we explored whether known iron-stressors of the SN (1) aging and (2) MPTP, would exaggerate the lesion severity of CP KO mice.

PMID: 25011704 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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