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SREBF1 links lipogenesis to mitophagy and sporadic Parkinson disease.
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Autophagy 2014 Jun; 10(8)
Authors: Rachael M Ivatt, Alexander J Whitworth
Mitochondrial quality control has an impact on many diseases, but intense research has focused on the action of 2 genes linked to heritable forms of Parkinson disease (PD), PINK1 and PARK2/parkin, which act in a common pathway to promote mitophagy. However, criticism has been raised that little evidence links this mechanism to sporadic PD. To gain a greater insight into the mechanisms of PINK1-PARK2 mediated mitophagy, we undertook a genome-wide RNAi screen in Drosophila and human cell models. Strikingly, we discovered several components of the lipogenesis pathway, including SREBF1, playing a conserved role in mitophagy. Our results suggest that lipids influence the stabilization of PINK1 during the initiation of mitophagy. Importantly, SREBF1 has previously been identified as a risk locus for sporadic PD, and thus implicates aberrant mitophagy as contributing to sporadic PD. Our findings suggest a role for lipid synthesis in PINK1-PARK2 mediated mitophagy, and propose a mechanistic link between familial and sporadic PD, supporting a common etiology.
PMID: 24991824 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]