Adjust Text Size:change font sizechange font sizechange font sizechange font sizechange font sizechange font size

Featured Research

Can we predict who is at risk of facing cognitive issues in PD and address them earlier? These are the questions being pursued by Dr. Goldman of the PDF Research Center at Rush University Medical Center.

Learn More

PDF Grant Programs

Are you interested in furthering Parkinson's science? View PDF's open grant programs.

Learn More

Decrease of mGluR5 receptor density goes parallel with changes in enkephalin and substance P immunoreactivity in Huntington's disease: a preliminary investigation in the postmortem human brain.

PDF's targeted PubMed search provides you with access to journal articles from the last 90 days that may be pertinent to Parkinson's disease research. 

Not what you're looking for? Do you need informational publications about Parkinson's targeted for people living with Parkinson's, caregivers and family members?  Please browse PDF's educational materials and programs - which are all available electronically or in print.  Order for yourself, a loved one or in bulk for your patients or support group.

Brain Struct Funct 2014 Jun;

Authors: Balázs Gulyás, Judit Sovago, Baltazar Gomez-Mancilla, Zhisheng Jia, Csaba Szigeti, Károly Gulya, Martin Schumacher, Ralph Paul Maguire, Fabrizio Gasparini, Christer Halldin

Group 1 metabotropic glutamate subtype 5 receptors (mGluR5) contribute to the control of motor behavior by regulating the balance between excitation and inhibition of outputs in the basal ganglia. The density of these receptors is increased in patients with Parkinson's disease and motor complications. We hypothesized that similar changes may occur in Huntington's disease (HD) and aimed at testing this hypothesis in a preliminary experimental series in postmortem human brain material obtained from HD patients. Using autoradiography, we analyzed mGluR5 density in the putamen, caudate nucleus and cerebellum (control region) in postmortem tissue samples from three patients with HD and three controls with two mGluR5-specific radioligands ([(3)H]ABP688 and [(11)C]ABP688). The density of enkephalin (Enk)- or substance P (SP)-containing neurons was assessed using immunohistochemical and cell-counting methods. [(3)H]ABP688 binding in HD was reduced in the caudate (-70.4 %, P < 0.001), in the putamen (-33.3 %, P = 0.053), and in the cerebellum (-8.79 %, P = 0.930) vs controls. Results with [(11)C]ABP688 were similar; there was good correlation between [(11)C]ABP688 and [(3)H]ABP688 binding ratios. Total cell density was similar in all three brain regions in HD patients and controls. Neuronal density was 69 % lower in the caudate (P = 0.002) and 64 % lower in the putamen (P < 0.001) of HD patients vs controls. Both direct and indirect pathways were affected, with ?90 % decrease in the density of Enk- and SP-containing neurons in the caudate and putamen of HD patients vs controls (P < 0.001). In contrast to earlier observations in PD, in HD, compared to controls, the mGluR5 density was significantly lower in the caudate nucleus. The decrease in neuronal density suggests that neuronal loss was largely responsible for the observed decrease in mGluR5.

PMID: 24969128 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

See More

Back to PubMed Articles