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Identification of circulating microRNAs for the differential diagnosis of Parkinson's disease and Multiple System Atrophy.

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Front Cell Neurosci 2014 ; 8:156

Authors: Annamaria Vallelunga, Marco Ragusa, Stefania Di Mauro, Tommaso Iannitti, Manuela Pilleri, Roberta Biundo, Luca Weis, Cinzia Di Pietro, Angela De Iuliis, Alessandra Nicoletti, Mario Zappia, Michele Purrello, Angelo Antonini

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder which may be misdiagnosed with atypical conditions such as Multiple System Atrophy (MSA), due to overlapping clinical features. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs with a key role in post-transcriptional gene regulation. We hypothesized that identification of a distinct set of circulating miRNAs (cmiRNAs) could distinguish patients affected by PD from MSA and healthy individuals. Results. Using TaqMan Low Density Array technology, we analyzed 754 miRNAs and found 9 cmiRNAs differentially expressed in PD and MSA patients compared to healthy controls. We also validated a set of 4 differentially expressed cmiRNAs in PD and MSA patients vs. controls. More specifically, miR-339-5p was downregulated, whereas miR-223(*), miR-324-3p, and mir-24 were upregulated in both diseases. We found cmiRNAs specifically deregulated in PD (downregulation of miR-30c and miR-148b) and in MSA (upregulation of miR-148b). Finally, comparing MSA and PD, we identified 3 upregulated cmiRNAs in MSA serum (miR-24, miR-34b, miR-148b). Conclusions. Our results suggest that cmiRNA signatures discriminate PD from MSA patients and healthy controls and may be considered specific, non-invasive biomarkers for differential diagnosis.

PMID: 24959119 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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