Scientists are making inroads because thousands of people with Parkinson’s and their family members have donated their brains to science, including to PDF-supported programs at Columbia University Medical Center and Rush University Medical Center.
PDF Grant Programs
Are you interested in furthering Parkinson's science? View PDF's open grant programs.
Structural and functional in silico analysis of LRRK2 missense substitutions.
PDF's targeted PubMed search provides you with access to journal articles from the last 90 days that may be pertinent to Parkinson's disease research.
Not what you're looking for? Do you need informational publications about Parkinson's targeted for people living with Parkinson's, caregivers and family members? Please browse PDF's educational materials and programs - which are all available electronically or in print. Order for yourself, a loved one or in bulk for your patients or support group.
Mol Biol Rep 2014 Feb;
Authors: Fernando Cardona, Marta Tormos-Pérez, Jordi Pérez-Tur
The LRRK2 gene (Leucine-Rich Repeat Kinase 2, PARK8) is mutated in a significant number of cases of autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease (PD) and in some sporadic cases of late-onset PD. LRRK2 is a large, complex protein that comprises several interaction domains: armadillo, ankyrin, leucine-rich repeats and WD40 domains; two catalytic domains: ROC-GTPase and serine/threonine kinase; and a COR domain (unknown function). Pathogenic mutations are scattered all over the domains of LRRK2, although the prevalence of mutations in some domains is higher (ROC-GTPase, COR and kinase). In this work, we model the structure of each domain to predict and explore the effects of described missense mutations and polymorphisms. The results allow us to postulate the possible effects of pathogenic mutations in the function of the protein, and hypothesize the importance of some polymorphisms that have not been linked directly to PD, but act as risk factors for the disease. In our analysis, we also study the effects of PD-related mutations in the kinase domain structure and in the phosphorylation of the activation loop to determine effects on kinase activity.
PMID: 24488318 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]