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BAG5 Protects against Mitochondrial Oxidative Damage through Regulating PINK1 Degradation.
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PLoS One 2014 ; 9(1):e86276
Authors: Xuejing Wang, Jifeng Guo, Erkang Fei, Yingfeng Mu, Shuang He, Xiangqian Che, Jieqiong Tan, Kun Xia, Zhuohua Zhang, Guanghui Wang, Beisha Tang
Mutations in PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1) gene cause PARK6 familial Parkinsonism, and loss of the stability of PINK1 may also contribute to sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD). Degradation of PINK1 occurs predominantly through the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS), however, to date, few of the proteins have been found to regulate the degradation of PINK1. Using the yeast two-hybrid system and pull-down methods, we identified bcl-2-associated athanogene 5 (BAG5), a BAG family member, directly interacted with PINK1. We showed that BAG5 stabilized PINK1 by decreasing the ubiquitination of PINK1. Interestingly, BAG5 rescued MPP(+)- and rotenone-induced mitochondria dysfunction by up-regulating PINK1 in vitro. In PINK1-null mice and MPTP-treated mice, BAG5 significantly increased in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) although PINK1 was decreased. Our findings indicated that BAG5, as a key protein to stabilize PINK1, is a promising therapeutic tool for preventing mitochondrial dysfunction following oxidative stress.
PMID: 24475098 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]