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Increased vocal intensity due to the Lombard effect in speakers with Parkinson's disease: Simultaneous laryngeal and respiratory strategies.
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J Commun Disord 2013 Dec;
Authors: Elaine T Stathopoulos, Jessica E Huber, Kelly Richardson, Jennifer Kamphaus, Devan Decicco, Meghan Darling, Katrina Fulcher, Joan E Sussman
The objective of the present study was to investigate whether speakers with hypophonia, secondary to Parkinson's disease (PD), would increases their vocal intensity when speaking in a noisy environment (Lombard effect). The other objective was to examine the underlying laryngeal and respiratory strategies used to increase vocal intensity.
PMID: 24438910 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]