When telephone lines go down, or Internet connections are lost, our communities temporarily come to a halt. What if something similar were found to be happening in Parkinson's? This is the focus of Dr. Schmitz and her team at the PDF Research Center at Columbia University Medical Center.
PDF Grant Programs
Are you interested in furthering Parkinson's science? View PDF's open grant programs.
Protective Effects of Curcumin Against Rotenone and Salsolinol-Induced Toxicity: Implications for Parkinson's Disease.
PDF's targeted PubMed search provides you with access to journal articles from the last 90 days that may be pertinent to Parkinson's disease research.
Not what you're looking for? Do you need informational publications about Parkinson's targeted for people living with Parkinson's, caregivers and family members? Please browse PDF's educational materials and programs - which are all available electronically or in print. Order for yourself, a loved one or in bulk for your patients or support group.
Neurotox Res 2013 Oct;
Authors: Zakiya Qualls, Dwayne Brown, Carlana Ramlochansingh, Laura L Hurley, Yousef Tizabi
Department of Pharmacology, Howard University College of Medicine, 520†W Street NW, Washington, DC, 20059, USA.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a debilitating neurodegenerative disorder that results from the loss of or damage to dopaminergic cells in the substantia nigra. Exposure to either the pesticide rotenone or the endogenous neurotoxin salsolinol has been shown to mimic this dopaminergic cell loss. In this study, we first sought to determine whether combination of rotenone and salsolinol would result in an additive or synergistic toxicity. For this purpose we utilized SH-SY5Y cells, a human neuroblastoma cell line that is commonly used to model dopaminergic neurodegeneration. We then tested whether curcumin, a natural plant compound with known health benefits including potential neuroprotective properties, could also protect against rotenone and/or salsolinol-induced toxicity. Moreover, since apoptotic mechanism has been implicated in toxicity of these compounds the anti-apoptotic effect of curcumin was also evaluated. Our results indicate a synergistic toxicity of low concentrations of rotenone (1 and 5 ĶM) and salsolinol (25 and 50†ĶM) that was associated with apoptosis as determined by cell flow cytometry. There was also an increase in caspase-3 levels. Pretreatment with curcumin (1-10 ĶM) dose-dependently attenuated rotenone and/or salsolinol-induced toxicity and the associated apoptosis. These results suggest that exposure to a combination of rotenone and salsolinol may contribute to the pathology of PD, and that curcumin has a therapeutic potential in this disease.
PMID: 24122264 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]