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Trasferrin receptor 2 gene regulation by microRNA 221 in SH-SY5Y cells treated with MPP(+) as Parkinson's disease cellular model.
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Neurosci Res 2013 Sep;
Authors: Roberta Asci, Fara Vallefuoco, Immacolata Andolfo, Mariasole Bruno, Luigia De Falco, Achille Iolascon
CEINGE, Biotecnologie Avanzate, Naples, Italy; Department of Biochemistry and Medical Biotechnologies, "Federico II" University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most frequent human neurodegenerations. The neurodegeneration in PD is related to cellular iron increase but the mechanisms involved in iron accumulation remain unclear. Transferrin receptor type 2 (TFR2) is a protein expressed on cell membrane and involved in the cellular iron uptake. We hypothesized that microRNA 221 could regulate the expression of TfR2 in an in vitro model of Parkinson's disease, SH-SY5Y cells treated with MPP(+). The miRNA 221 was selected by in silico analysis of several miRNAs predicted to target the TFR2 gene in SHSY5Y cells treated with MPP(+). Taqman miRNA assay was used to evaluate the expression of the selected miRNAs. Using a luciferase assay we demonstrated the inhibition of TFR2 by miRNA 221. We show that in PD cellular model, TFR2 expression is regulated by miRNA 221. TFR2 and miR 221 are inversely correlated in SHSY5Y cells during the treatment with MPP(+). Moreover, overexpression of miRNA 221 decreases the expression of TFR2, respectively, at the mRNA and protein levels. The inhibition of endogenous miRNA 221 also is able to regulate TFR2. These data suggest that miRNA 221 regulate TFR2 in PD model.
PMID: 24055409 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]