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Differential effects of the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 on dopamine receptor D1- and D2-induced abnormal involuntary movements in a preclinical model.
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Neurosci Lett 2014 Feb;
Authors: Andrew J Flores, Mitchell J Bartlett, Lisa Y So, Nicholas D Laude, Kate L Parent, Michael L Heien, Scott J Sherman, Torsten Falk
Dopamine-replacement therapy with l-DOPA is still the gold standard treatment for Parkinson's disease. One drawback is the common development of l-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID) in patients, which can be as disabling as the disease itself. There is no satisfactory adjunct therapy available. Glutamatergic transmission in the basal ganglia circuitry has been shown to be an important player in the development of LID. The N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist MK-801 has previously been shown to reduce l-DOPA-induced abnormal involuntary movements (AIMs) in a rat preclinical model but only at concentrations that worsen parkinsonism. We investigated the contribution of the direct and indirect striatofugal pathways to these effects. In the direct pathway, dopamine D1 receptors (D1R) are expressed, whereas in the indirect pathway, dopamine D2 receptors (D2R) are expressed. We used the 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned hemi-parkinsonian rat model initially primed with l-DOPA to induce dyskinesia. When the rats were then primed and probed with the D1R agonist SKF81297, co-injection of MK-801 worsened the D1R-induced limb, axial, and orolingual (LAO) AIMs by 18% (predominantly dystonic axial AIMs) but did not aggravate parkinsonian hypokinesia as reflected by a surrogate measure of ipsiversive rotations in this model. In contrast, when the rats were then primed and probed with the D2R agonist quinpirole, co-injection of MK-801 reduced D2R-induced LAO AIMs by 89% while inducing ipsiversive rotations. The data show that only inhibition of the indirect striatopallidal pathway is sufficient for the full anti-dyskinetic/pro-parkinsonian effects of the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801, and that MK-801 modestly worsens dyskinesias that are due to activation of the direct striatonigral pathway alone. This differential activation of the glutamatergic systems in D1R- and D2R-mediated responses is relevant to current therapy for PD which generally includes a mixture of dopamine agonists and l-DOPA.
PMID: 24525249 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]